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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  April 1, 2019 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT

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ning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening. i'm john yang. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: as president trump announces his intention to cut aid to three latin amican countries, we continue our series of on-the-ground reports from honduras. >> ( translat want to get into a gang. because here, to be in a gang means you have to do whatever they say. rob, kil kidnap, whatever they order you to do. >> yang: then, our "politics monday" roundtable discuss t the race forhe 2020 democratic presidential nomination. and, we remember nipsey hussle. the los angeles-based rapper and community leader was killed this weekend at the age of 33. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.
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>> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us. am babbel. a language progrhat teaches spanish, french, german, italian, and more.
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>> consumer cellular. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting.on and byibutions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> yang: the trumpad nistration is accelerating efforts to police the southern border. the department of homeland security now says itp reassigning 2,000 inspectors to deal with a surge in migrants fromer central a. over the weekend, president
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trump said he would cuto el salvador, guatemala and honduras. he is also threatening to cle the border we'll get the details, after the news summary. a mputer glitch during the monday morning airport rush delayed thousands of travele today. it involved a flight planning sontractor's computer system, and hihwest airlines the hardest, delaying nearly 1,000 flights. the federal aviation administration said the issue was quickly resolved, but the damage was done. >> yang: british lawmakers- tried failed-- again today to chart a path for how to leave the european uni. they held non-binding votes on proposals th included a "softer" brexit-- keeping ties to the e.u. on trade, tariffs and immigration rules. some lamented parliament's inability to agree on what to do. >> we live now in a horribly divided country with entrenched divisions and intransigence on
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both sides. i think we play with fire if we do not recognize the danger,do and t think there have been enough people seeking to find ways of bringing thisto countrther again, rather than maintaining the divisions. >> yang: britain is now scheduled to leave the e.u. on april 12 with no plan if parliament cannot agree on something. in ukraine, a comic actor with no political experience is the frontrunner heading into a presidential runoff, later this month. edvolodymyr zelenskiy fini first in sunday's preliminary round, with 30% of the vote. incumbenpresident petro poroshenko was a distant second. zelenskiy campaignedongainst corrupand called for direct talks with moscow to end the confct with russian-backed rebels in eastern ukraine. the opposition in turkey has won control of the capital, ankara, and is leading in the mayor's race in istanbul, the country's largest city. sunday's local elections were
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seen as a rdict on president recep tayyip erdogan, amid a seous economic downturn. erdogan's islamist-rooted a.k. party has promised appeals of the election results. a vietnamese woman accused of killing the half-brother of north korean leader kim jong-un, pled guilty today to a reduced charge. doan thi huong entered the plea in malaysia, after a murder charge was dropped. authorities initially said she and an indonesian woman killed kim jong-nam at an airport in 2017, using a nerve agent. huong has spent two years in jail, but her attorney says she is now expec be released in early may. >> our main interest is to protect the interest of doan, to make sure that she served sentence here and she can go back home as soon as she can. she's fine, happy and jubilant about this sentence, and the fact that she can go back home.n >> the other suspect was freed last month. both women maintained they thought they were taking part in a tv show prank.
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four north korean suspects fled jean jean mcconn vile the troubles the troubles nierld noirld nierld who dunn it who who don it a who ne it a who dunn it ur north korean suspects fled malaysia after the killing of kim. confirmed cholera ca mozambique surged today to more ntan 1,000, with one confirmed death, after last s tropical cyclone. health workers are rushing to contain the outbreak in beira. the port city was left in ruins by the storm. cholera spreads quickly through contaminated water and food. back in this country, the 2020 u.s. census begins one year from today, and president trump has joined the fray over adding a question about citizenship. on twitter today, he said the survey "would be meaningless" without asking whether someone is a u.s. citizen. opponents of the move say it would deter non-citizens from taking part. the issue is now before the u.s. supreme court. and, on wall reet, upbeat data on u.s. and chinese manufacturing got the 2nd off to a strong start. the dow jones industrial average
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soared 329 points to close at 26,258. the nasdaq rose 99 points, and the s&p 500 added 32. still to come on the newshour: ra the president threatens to cut aid to hon we look at the harsh conditions in that more controversy over the white house's handling of security clearances. the latest campaign moves in the race for 2020. d, much more. >> yang: last weekhomeland security secretary kirstten nielsen vihonduras and announced what she called a "historic regional compact" to address the root causes of migration with the three countries known as the northern triangle: el salvador, honduras, and guatemala. at over the weekend, the state departmeounced it would cut all foreign assistance to all three countries.
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today, congress gave the sta department a deadline to provide detailof the cuts. congressional officials say they have not received any response. nick schifrin is here to make t sense s. ed states gives these three countries? >> the u.s. has given hundreds of millions of dollars over the years to try to address the endemic problems inthe countries and the root causes of migration, the reason so mny people leave these countries, go through mexico and try to reach e united states. this is the most violent part of the world outside of war zones, thin like endemic corruption, weak justice systems. at one point in thentse coues, two to threeov all cases ended in conviction and poverty. these programs try to lift people out of poverty, providing education, vocational programs, improving local governance, improving police forces and judicial systems. their defenders say they are the
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only way, at least long term, to reduce all of those people who believe that their home is unsafe and they have to go to the united states. it's not just humanitarian aid organizations who defend the take a listen to mike mccaul, republican of texas, the most seor member of the hous foreign affairs committee. >> i think it's going to make things tragically worse, noter be >> and i talked with a lot of c.e.o.s of aid organization as well incl uding sammmer men, of interaction, umbrella group, and says the root crisis are in central america. if we are addressing them at the southern bod, it is too late. the local governments are overwhelmed by the quantity of the problem and weare saying in the u.s., by cutting this aid, they do not have a partner. >> why does the trump administration say they'e doing this? >> the president has expressed deep frustration with the numbea of people ng the northern triangle, what he calls a crisis.
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we heard from mick mulvaney over the weekend talking to jake tapper abouty these countries weren't doing enough to address migration. >> if we're going to give these countries hlidreds of mis of dollars, we would like them to do more. that, jake, i repectfully submit is not an unreasonable position. we could prevent a lot of what's happen tong southern border b preventing people from moving into mexico in the first place. >> that is exactly wh the programs are designed to do, to prevent them from moving through mexico into the united states, but there is a largedebate that even defenders -- and they say these governments should be doing morning and as a congressional official who defends the aid put it to me the u.s. should be tling these national governments of these three countries that they need to improve all of their own programsnd that the u.s. is going to hold them accountable. that, of course, is different than saying you're not doing enough, we're cutting all thi aid. >> so what details do we know of what aid programs are going to cut?
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>> the administration has not provided any details to either congress or the humanitarian organization that do this. as you mentiweoned, ther deadlines today. the administration basically ignored them. the state department, though, annot just cut this aid. what little weow about the this aid sitcoms from fiscal enar 2017-2018, meaning it's already appropriated by the congress and the state department has to workth withe appropriation committee, senate foreign relations and house foreign affairs committee to talk about what they want to change. ey can't just reprogram it by themselves. i talked to half a dozen home who are frustrated ease cheryl on the hill with the fact they hata not gotten the ils. there was a deadline at 12:00 p.m. foreign affairs staffers tell me they have been asking for briefings and the state department simply isn't ready to give the brieftags. ed to both state department officials and white house officials who admit that they really weren't prepared for this kind of announcement. so we still see the
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administration trying to figure out what to do and frankly come up wh the deils of the plan that's already been announced. >> thanks, nick schifrin. >> yang: as nick just mentioned, one of the countri threatened with aid cuts is honduras. for years, gang violence and insecurity have forced people to flee their homes, most bound for the united states. many are caught, and deported, which can lead to a new set of nightmares. with the support of the pulitzer center, special correspondent marcia biggs and videographer julia galiano-rios went to honduras to find out the fate of some of those sent home. >>ter: it's a scene that takes place again and again in this airport parking lot in san pedro sula. "i thought i would never see you again," weeps this 85-year-old woman. "i told you i would return one y," her grandson says. he's home ter five years of living illegally in the united ates. his family says he wasucorking constron in orlando when he
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was picked up for driving without a license, likely by local cops, and then deported by ice. the family didn't want to speak on camera. most of them didn't want to talk to us. "ty're laughing at us in t united states," one woman told me. around 500 deportees arrive here every week, and underneath thesu ace of what should be joyful reunions lies the tough reality of why they're coming home and what they now face. se if you're deported from the united states, yount on a plane. you are handcuffed at your ankles and your feet, with chains. shackled, right? >> reporter: amelia frank vitale an anthropologist focusing on migration issues, working with the families of deportees. she says most of them are poor and were fleeing gang violence. ported back to one of the most dangerous cities in the world, they now have nowhere to go. >> if you have to flee, yout ca another neighborhood controlled by that same group. but you can't go to a neighborhood controlled by any of the rival groups either,
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because having come from a neighborhood known to be controlled by the first group, you will by automatically suspected of being a spy or anfo ant. they'd go back to the same situation that they fled.io >> reporter:nni is one of nyose people. like so young men in honduras, giovanni says members of a local gang threatened to kill him when he didn't join.ed he asks not to use his real name. g ( translated ): i would never want to get intog. because here, to be in a gang means you have to do whaver they say-- rob, kill, kidnap. whever they order you to d >> reporter: so in the fall of 2017, giovan and his cousin left honduras, intending to cross into the u.s. illegally. he says he tried tmake an asylum claim after he was arrested, but had no evidee of the threats on his life, which are necessary to advance a ldaim. he says he ct afford the $10,000 bail, so he sat in detention in arizona w he waited out the process. after five months, he can't stand it anymore.
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he signs a voltary deportation order and is sent back to honduras. within a week of his arrival, he says members of the gang kidnapped him and took him to what's known as a "casa loca," spanish for crazy house, one of the many homes abandoned by d now fleeing violence, stolen by the gangs.an >> ( ated ): they held me for two or three hours. they already had machetes and everytng to cut me into pieces. they wanted to kill me at once. they wanted to kill me because i didn't do what they wanted. >> reporter: what did they do to you?tr >> ( anslated ): here and here. they were like metal rods. they put a rod through me. this one went in deep. they cut my hands, they burned . i have several scars on my back where they were hitting me. they had a machete that they were going to use to cut my hands. they wanted to cut off my handsl
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and e slowly. >> reporter: what was going through your mind? >> ( translated ): you can't think about anything but how to escape, to convince them not to kill you. >> reporter: at the last moment, police burst in. they'd been called by his mother. she's still too frightened to show her face. how did you know that you could trust the lice? >> ( translated ): i didn't exactly trust them, but it was my only solution. >> reporter: the family says the wounds were still fresh when giovannvi fled again to the u.s. a year ago, but that time he says no one even asked him if he wanted asylum, and he was deported. when you left the u.s. the last time, were you worried that something would happen when you come back? >> ( translated ): yes, yes. i did not want to get off the plane. >> reporter: the threae almost immediately, and giovanni and his family have moved three times in the last year. they're now in hiding, rarely
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leaving this small alleyway.se ral of their neighbors are making plans to leave on the next caravan, fleeing poverty tortion by local gangs. but for another family, it's too late. sara espinal is every trt the proud rch, showing off the photographs and graduation certificates of her chillden and grandcn. "these are my treasures, my most valuable things,fashe says. "mly is the best thing i have. deam nobody without them." but eath the pride lies the pain of a mother in grief. it's only been one month since sara lost her son nelson, gunned down on his own street, in a aneighborhood of teguciga controlled by gangs. >> ( tranated ): i wanted to die with him that day. i couldn't see my son with all that blood, it's too hard for one person. >> reporter: his family remembers him as a dedicat brother and uncle. a good neighbor, who spent his
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last days paving the main road in their village. they say he refused to join a gang and was working in constructi. he dreamed of someday opening a barbershop with his sister patric, and was hoping to find work in the u.s. >> ( translated ): he was special. >> reporter: what did he dream for his life in the u.s.? >> ( translated ): he always said that he would work hard in the united states. i am going to work as much as i can and i'm going to send money, we're going to start a business. >> reporter: last october, he and a friend from the neighborhood headed north, but were caught at the u.s. border. unable to make a case for asylum, they were deported. nelson's story is like so manyrr le ones that we've heard. he was deported anom the u.s. d had only been home for one we when his family says he walked out of his house from here, down to the corner, where three men approached him and without saying a wd, shot and
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killed him. >> ( translated ): it was something i can't describe, a horrible pain in my chest. i never imagined that we were going topend such a short time with him and we would not see him again. >> reporter: all they han left of nele photos and a few of his personal items. they keep his shoes, neatly arranged in a closet. he also left a seven-year-old son, who plays with his cousins on the same street where his father was brutally rdered. >> ( translated ): passing e rough there generates so much pain, and at the sme, fear because when you pass, you think, so anyone can die how he died. >> reporter: do you think he knew someone was after him? >> ( translated ): i think he knew. he didn't tell us directly, but he always said, "i can't do anything here, all there is danger." >> reporter: like so many relatives of those killed by gangs in honduras, patricia knows who killed nelson. but not only can she not say who did it, it's clear she doesn't
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even want us to ask. >> ( anslated ): this is a everyday thing, what you experience in these neighborhoods, and in these epes of neighborhoods, we had to adapt. of course, we never thought that it would hap n to a family like ours. >> reporter: back in san pedro sula, we got some ovd news from ni. his family have been receiving some threatening messages from the gang that was ter him. giovanni doesn't have a phone, so the messages were sent to his cousin. an ominous voice cackling and taunting him, calling him a dog, threatening to kill him and his family, and claiming to know where they are. is there anywhere that you can look for protection? >> ( translated ): only in a different country, not in honduras. >> reporter: do you ever remember a time when you didn't live in fear? >> ( translated ): i've always hafear of being here. traveling to another country, facing risk, that i'm not afraid
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of. >> now he's been deported twice, the asyl, an asylum claim would be harder to make. his life here is absolutely under threat. sooner or later, they're going to kill that boy. ption does he have for international protection, really, at this point. >> reporter: against the odds, giovanni sets off, packing a tiny bag. afraid of being robbed, he's gng just one chaof clothes and a tohbrush. he has a last meal before aar ful goodbye with his brothers nnd sisters. buvous and sad to leave his family, says he's confident he won't be sent back, he knows the route better and won't even bother tryi to cross legally. he's gone. speeding off to an unknown future and hoping heeton't have ton to a country that can't protect him. for the pbs newshour, i'm rcia biggs in san pedro sula,
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honduras. >> and an update to marsha's report, at the end you saw giovanni leaving on duressbut he never made it to the united states. o e journey proved too difficult and cold through the late winter and his fear of being attacked again materialized in northern mexico causing him to turn back near the bored. last week he returned home to his family. in san pedro >> yang: stay with us.on coming uhe newshour: remembering rapper nipsey hussle, who was killed over the weekend. n the history thern ireland with author patrick radden keefe on his new book, "say nothing." and, ashley blaker offers his take on mocking religion. ngton, tensions continue
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between congress and investigations of the trump white house.us the democrats are to issue subpoenas in the coming days as the oversight committee instigates the trump administration's security clearance process and the judiciary committee seeks theep full muellert. congressional correspondent lisa desjardins joins me at the table. lisa desjardins joins me to explain all. this let's start with what may be the lesser known investigation, the security clearance. what do the democrats inhe use oversight committee want? actually, we've learned a little more about this in the past day or. >> so that's exactly right. just this morning, the house democrats from that oversight mmittee said we are going to start authorizing subpoenas starting tomorrow, so tuesday. this also surrounds, be least thnning of it, a woman named trisha newbald who democrats say is a whistleblower. it's about the security clearances and who has been able to get them at the white house. she alleges 25 clearances were give ton officials agnst the
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recommendations of her and her colleagues. she says the reviews and says there were serious concerns from criminal influences to foreign influences and said tould have rejected them but they were given. the white house she said stopped doing credit checksfor anyone applying to the white house which is something new and eye popping. republicans and memos s the charges are exaggerated and democrats have cherry picked her testimony and it's behind closeo doors so we't know exactly what she said. jared kushner andtr ivanka ump are two names. ey are reporting jared's clearance wareinitiallycted and ended up being cleared. there are a lot of keys and the white house won't comment because it is a security issue, at least not yet. >> so that's the house oversight committee. >> yes. the house judiciary committeeri is also pre subpoenas of their own.
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these overhe t mueller report. >> right. this is something we have been talking about for a while. the house judiciary committee uaid we want the report by april 2, tomorrow,yet they don't think they will get it. the attorney general said, no, t need morime. .'m not giving it to you yet so they are saying they will also issue some subpoenas. let's talk about what they're saying. that is chairman jerry nadler of the committee will authorize subpoenas wednesday. what they want, the full mueller report and all of the documents going with it inc, ludihn, grand jurytime, which is general something that is never released. they argue and point to watergate. at that point the special prosecutor in the watergate case got thakind of material released to congress. republicans say that's a terrible precedent and the release in that case was a mistake. we'll see it play out strongly in the next couple of days. >> lisa desjardins, thank youh.
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very m >> yang: sticking with politics, in a minute, la desjardins will be back with our regular monday political roundtable. but first, she reports on 2020, the democratic primary race, and new controversy swirling around a major party figure who's still contemplating whether to join the contest. >> desjardins: las vegas, 2014: then-vice president joe biden was campaigning for lucy flores, then-running to be lieutenant governor of nevada. now, flores' account of that event is dominating talk of biden's plans for the 2020 presidential race. >> for me, it's disqualifying. i think it's up to everyone else to make that decision. >> desjardins: in "new york" magazine, flores writes that before they walked on-stage, biden placed his hands on her shoulders, smelled her hair, then kissed her head. she says it made her very uncomfortable, and that she had thought about speaking o
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before now. biden responded sunday in a statement, saying, in years of public life, he's offered countless hugs and expression of affection for support and comfort, that "never did i bulieve i acted inappropriately,that he "will listen respectfully if that is suggested." on sunday, flores suggested bin had a troubling patter >> to me, whether you believe me or not i't as important as taking a look at the entire history of his behior. >> desjardins: and this afternoon, a different woman ,"told the "hartford coura biden grabbed her and pulled her in uncomfortably in 2009, though he did not try to kiss her. other women are defending biden, like in this blog post published online sunday by stephanie carter. this photo of biden with his hand on her shoulders, whispering in her ear, generated a lot of attention. this was at her husband's swearing-in ceremony as secretary of defense in 2014.
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on her blog, carter wrote, there was nothing uncomfortable, and biden was a close friend helping someone get through a big day. all of this, of coursegetting attention on the campaign trail. from massachusetts senator i elizabeth warriowa on friday: >> i believe lucy flores, and joe biden needs to give an answer. >> desjardins: echoed by former h.u.d. secretary juliaro, also in iowa this weekend. >> we need to live in a nation where people can hear her truth. >>oresjardins: minnesota sen amy klobachar spoke on abc's n is week, sunday. >> i have no reat to believe her. >> desjardins: klobuchar said biden will have to address this more if he gets into the race. and that brings us to "politics monday," with npr'ra taeith, co-host of the "npr podcast," and lisa lerer, politics reporter for the "new york times." >> now i get to ask the questions. it's exciting. let's start with jobes. it's interesting because last
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week i know you both reported od he an emotional moment for him and has yet another question about how hes treatmen. it's a large cultural moment but also a politically tricky one. what does this say about joe biden and how important it is for his chances and is there a chance of backlash from conservatives who say there's no knowable standard anymore? so what's it mean, tam? >> right, there's no knowable standard anymore. democrats have taken the position of zero tolerance, buto olerance for what? and this is, as with so many o these things, complicated and nuanced. lucy flores in her description of it is nuanced saying shenk didn't tt was sexual harassment or assault but she felt uncomfortable that he put her ankward position, and then, when you goo mrs. carter saying, well, in my case, it wasn't, i didn't feel uncomfortable,erhere is a dice between the two of them.wa joe bidens close with friends
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with the carters. lucy flore is so campaigning with just that moment. t i've covered him out in the wild over the years where i did a story in 2014, it was not anything remarkable at the time, where he kissed a 100-year-old grandma and went in for hug. times are different now. >> what does that mean? i think it speaks to the larger really cenaluestion facing joe biden should he decide to enter this race, which is a litical figure who has been in office for 40 years. i mean, he entered the senate in 1973 before abortion was legal,t before the er gate hearings, before people had vcrs, thi was a long time ago, and political more rays particularly in the democratic party have shifted on many issues, busing, abortion and standards around gender and consent and this tional conversation we're
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having around the topics now. so i thithe central question he's facing is can he get on the issues of where the party is now. that's what ll find out in hhe next couple of weeks. >> what does is mean for other candidates, kirstjen nielsen and kamala harris who have overseen staff members in the st who had to pay recompense for sexuaa ssment, what does this matter to voters? >> add bernie sanders to that. his campaign in 2016 had issues with sexual harassment. he has pol apologized for how te things were handled. not his issue but people he supervised. you know, this is a conversation that didnt happen four years ago in the presideial campaign. though it was a conversation that did get kicked off in a way by president trum w >> and i thi are having this cultural moment surrounding the #metoo, but there is a real
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political risk here, that the democratic prima electorate expected to be majority female. so these topics may resonate more with female voters and that's what all thcandidates are playing to and they're cognizant of what happened in the midterms which is women's work powered the campaigns. they were the volunteers. they were the campaign managers. went to the rallies and met several p.t.a. moms that were engaged politically, t, first tie trump administration. and everyone running in the democratic field are aware of the new political dynamics. >> it was a big weekend in politics, and we'll start with the man, beto o'rourke, who had his announcement in el paso standing on top of something. it walso another important weekend fo. r o'rourke and all the democrats running because this was the end for the first
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arter for political fundraising. we won't get the total numbers, they te not dul april 15th. i want to ask you all, how important is political fundraising for this expandi group of democrats and who's doing well? >> well, it is important. it always has been. but when you're in a field of -- you know, a bus load of people, it's particularly important to be able tohow through your fundraising that you havat you e amount of grassroots support and it'smportant in termsof getting on stage. pete butigieg said i don't have the full numbers but thear prelimnumber is raised $7 million in the first quarter. he got out early on this because presumably there will be other candidates with much bigger numbers to come like mr. o'rourke or bernie sanders t who is expecthave a big number. >> i don't want to bust up trade secrets here, but these fundraising numbers are really
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one to have the few actual facts that we have in this race. are polls at this point measure lile more thaname recognition. so a lot of how we're measuringo who's upn, who seems to have energy, has been around media coverage or twitter or where they are in the polls that don't measure much. so this is a data point that shows curately how much money they're bringing in, how w many small donors they have and this gives us a field. as we learned in 2012 with the eepublicans this is a race wher everyone gets their moment. the question is do you have a moment at the right timethis at least gives everyone watching the race a sense of where the candidates stand in terms of support. >> being respectful toward o'rourke and bernie sanders seem to be at the top of the heap now. issues. i know you were on the campaign trail and in michigan with thees ent. >> and in iowa before.
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what are voters actually talking about? d.c. is obsessed with the mueller report. what are voters talking about? >> i was struck by things in new hampshire. the first thing is voters are not talking about the report. e not asking candidates about it. they're asking about healthcare hand climate change and l shootings and big issues fating the country that resonate with the democratic electorate. the second thwas struck by is i asked them about it and what i found was that it didn't llem to make a difference what the report act found, that the democratic primary electorate the president had done something wrong, and whatever the results of the investigation werthat really wasn't going to change their minds, which made me think that issue was baked in the cakeat least for the primary. it's a long time away. >> two different groups of voters. >> so it was fascinating out two the trump voters, talking to people waiting to get into the president's rally, all of them
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said they wanted the mule report released because they think it will be common rating werehe president and the will to talk about the mueller report. the day before, i spent an hour hanging out interviewing ten young voterioinwa. they never brought up mueller, russia, they never brought up, you know, booting the president out oferffice. theyvery focused on not so much on issues, though climate change is something they brought up, income inequality, criminal justice reform, they talkedmo that, but tht important thing is to them they just want somebody who has the quality they can't quite name that will allow them to beat the presd idt head to head with him on the debate stage. >> the magic political dust, they call it.t i was goino attempt an april fools joke. i was going to say, hey, did you hear about the crazy candidate going to run? april fools. i couldn't think of anyone crazy
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enough. i then i thought, have you heard congress and the predent put aside their differences? (laughter) thank you so much tamera keith, lisa lerer. >> you're welcome. yang: nipsey hussle, a grammy-nominated rapper, was shot dead over the weekes. in los ange his death is being mourned-- not just becse the loss of his promising talent. it was a blow to tan african amerommunity in south l.a., where he had turned his life around dramaticallyand was working to improve opportunity for others. he's the focus of our arts and culture segment tonight, "canvas." ♪ ♪ nipsey hussle was ridina career high. born ermias asghedom, the west coast rapper's debut album, "victory lap," won widespread
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praise, and a grammy nominion edst year for best rap album. as a teen, he belo to a gang called the "rollin' 60s." o his music drewthat past... ♪ all my life grinding all my life ♪ i'll be grinding all myife all my life >> yang: ...and how he turned his life around. >> yang: even as his star rose, nipsey hussle became an entrepreneur, to revitalize the crenshaw neighborhood of los angeles where he was born and raised. >> right now, we are on 59th and 3rd avenue. i grew up a couple blocks from here. >> yang: last year, he partnered with the brand puma to renovate a local elemenayry school's ound and basketball courts. hussle was deeply involved in "destination crenshaw," an open air public art project in the neighborhood that begins construction this spring. last year,he rapper opened a esared working space, called vector 90, dned to connect young talent iimpoverished communities with opportunities in silicon valley. hussle also owned several businesses in the neighborhood, where residents mourned his death overnight.
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>> what he meant to the community? if you want to look around right now, every single person here was inspired by him in some way. >> yang: hussle s shot in broad daylight outside a clothing store he owned. the shooter is still at large. >> we do understand that we havs one male buspect, no further description at this time. that suspect is not in custody. and currently, we are going to start canvassing the area, talk to any witnesses. and also we're going to canvas the local area for any video. >> yang: condolences and a sense of shock reverberated on social media. los angeles mayor eric garcetti said, "our hearts are with the loved ones of nipsey hussle and everyone touched by this awful tragedy. l.a. is hurt deeply each time a young life is lost to senseless gun violence." hussle's death was also mourned in the sports world. stephen curry of the golden state warriors:
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nv i got to know him last year and had a great sation about who he was as a person, what he stood for, wha message, how he tried to inspire pele, considering where he grew up and how he turned out into something extremely powerful, and represented an enowre city. you senseless crimes that don't need to happen, especially with a guy who was doing what he was doing. >> yang: hussle s to have met today with the los angeles police chief and police commissioner to talk ways to stop gang violence. david dennis jr. joins us to discuss hussle'sife and legacy. he's a writer for the pop culture website, the undefeated. david, thank you so much for joining us. help us, explain to us hussle'si place in the mc industry. >> he is an icon. hezeevolutiothe industry, you know, over the last ten years. in 2013, while everybody was releasing free music on the internet, he released albums for $100 apiece, betting and banking on himself. a lot of peopoule t he was
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crazy. jay-z bought in, bought $10,000 orth of copies othe album and really launched him into a new stratosphere and he became as viown for his business acumen and community sece as for his music. >> talk about that, his community service. as we heard in the tape, he really did a lot to tr to ghborhoode his home nei in los angeles. >> yeah, he was really the dream of what youould want from any celebrity but especially a black celebrity america that was able to transcend the environment he w raised in in the neighborhood he was raised. in he banked on himself and made a ton of money anput back into the community that raised him. he builtto ve90, a workspace in the area, invested in rea tate. the place he was shot was outside a store he built and owned in the crenshaw area. he was always doing what he
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could to pour ney and resources back into that community, which is really what you would want from anybody, who you know, rises to that level. >> and, also, he rose to that level, but he was sort of against his own fame. he talked about how peopleol shouldn't bewing celebrities, they should be following elon musk, they should be following mark zuckerberg and looking at other waysf ccess. >> yeah, so he sort of went against the idea that, you know, there's a stereotype that if you're from "the hood" you need to be a basketball player or athlete or enterteainer, and h felt as though if he could, you know, raisehe mindset of people to go beyond that, that they could maybe be inventors, business people, he did that with a lot of what he was trying to built within that community. >> and at thsame time didn't y away from his gang life in the past. >> yeah. know, he was an inspirational tale and i guess, now, a cautionaryale.
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he talked about his gang lifestyle he came up from, but, in his latest album, he spoke about that, but did a lot of speak about, you know, a lot of the things he did were not something to aspir to. what he felt you could aspire to was be the business person an the community activist that he was. so he used his story to be an inspiration to anybody listening. >> what do you think will happen od the many projects he started in his neighbor >> i would like to think they are going to keep going. i think that, through tragedy, you can find rays of hope and light and think at he inspired everybody. i think that we can follow his path and i think mo peopl will see what he did has brought a lot of light to hisndeavors and i think maybe he can inspire other celebrities and just common folks, regular people like you and me, to go out there and try to invest in our owns communitd do what we can. think that, you know, this be a real galvanizing moment
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across the count. >> what do you think will be the bigger legacy that he leaves, his music or his work in the community? d, i think they go hand in han actually. i think that you can't talk about the work he did in the community wihout talking aut the music that got him into that place to be so beneficial to thh people arounm. i think that the overall man that nipsey hussle was and what he represented will really bes egacy and will really carry us to perpetuating things that he did. >> david dennis, jr.f "the undeseated, remembering the life and legacy of nipy hussle. thank you so much. >> thank you. >> yang:early 50 years ago in belfast, northern ireland, a young mother hears a knock at the door. she's taken away, murdered, and buried on a remote beach-- never be seen again. but a new book about this murder case-- set during the tragic
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conflict that engued northern ireland from the '60s to the th0s-- shows that the wounds of past are still very raw. william brangham has the latest installment of the "newshour bookshelf." >> brangham: when reading this book, you have to keep remindin yourseis is not fiction. "say nothing: a true story of murder and mystery in northern ireland" begins with the famous 1972 abduction and murder of waan mcconville. shjust one of theki 3,500 ed in what's known as "the troubles"-- the brutal, decades-long sectarian war over control of northern ireland. but say nothing is much mo than a whodnunnit. it's about the lingeraumas of political violence, and how the st refuses to stay in th past. patrick radden keefe is a staff writer at "the new yorker" and joins me now. welcome. >> thank you. you writhe book how,
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when you were growing up and as a young adult, you weren't really that concerned with yourt own irish ory and heritage, so i'm curious, how did you come to this particular story? >> in the course of my day job at "the new yorker," in 2013, read an obituary in the "new york times" of naa womanmed delores price, who had been a eember of the i.r.a., and had lived this fascinating, dramatic life. she came from an iran republican family so she had the i.r.a. on both sides to have the family back for generations, and she was the first woman to join the i.r.a. as ar reallyont line soldier in the early 1907s.i >> she waske a radicalized teen. thevery much so and joined i.r.a. when she was just out of her teens along with her sister and led a bbing campaign in london, went to jail, was on hunger strike, went toe to toe with margaret thatcher very close with jerry adams, the i.r.a. commander who became a politician, and, when he pivoted
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to the peace process, she fell out with him. so for me, this seemed like an opportunitto look at the troubles through the story of a handful of characters, one islo s price and the other is jean mcconville. >> the jean mcconville casea was obviouslyamous days in northern ireland for many yearse and th children left behind when she was abducted, they are hugely rponsible in keeping her story alive, right? >> yes. this is part of what was utfascinating to me abohe case, is you have so many victims to have th tove -- of te troubles. i could have written a book for each. but the jean mcconville was so stark because she was a mother of ten and a widow. so one squeeze of the trgger tensioned the war and the tragedy plays out through generations. there was a culture of silenc
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during the troubles, a culture of fear, not wanting anyone to ask questions or talk. >> that's the title. e title is "say nothing," comes from a line in a she poem that says whatever you say, say nothingand a feeling he evoked the culture of the time.h mcconnville family defied the culture of silence. >> i won't give ay tending -- the ending of the book, but you have a rkable moment where it teams like you stumbled upon the identity of the killer. what does that feel like, as a journalist, as a writer, to have that happen in the course of your work? >> it was an intense experience. i have never had anything like that happen in years and years of reporting for "the n yorker." i hadren't even ally been looking for the identity of the ki ser. >> doesnm like that's what you set out to do. no, this was an old case.
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jean mcconville was killed fo years before i was born, and part of what was so shocking to me, i made seven tri to belfast during the four years ob reporting thok, and i would go over there and ask questions about the cdme that happe nearly a century ago and people would slam the door in my face, there was a sense it was still very dangerous and alive. i sort of assud the person who pulled the trigger was an anonymous gunman, not someone o my screen then, quite by accident very late in the game, i had been given two dif clues by two different people, and they fit together in an uncanny y, and they pointed at somebody who was already a character in the book, somebody who i'd been aware of, and the mcconn -- the mcconnvile
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children had been aware of. >> you write how the peace process left so many people in northern ireland feeling stranded, victims felt they weren't geing justice and perpetrators engaged in the war crimes felt like what was this all aboutso or people like delores price, here's somebody who did terrible, terrible things. she planted bombs inublic places, targeted people for execution, and the whe time, what she told herself was i'm doing these things because we're going to drive the british out of ireland and you will have a united ireland. and that's success for us. it and that's success, bu also is the end that will justify all these terrible means we've undertaken. what happened was when jerry adams and others around him ended up crafting the gatrada agreement in whicirish republicans in the i.r.a. essentially said we will tolerate the idea that british will continue to have dominion over northern ireland,
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that felt like, to peop like delores price and others, like a great betrayal because they felt i did allng these tbecause i would look back and say it was all worth it but you robbed me of the justification. >> the book "say nothing: a true story of murder and mystery in northern ireland." patrick radden keefe thank you very much. >> thank you. >> yang:ome people call it" political correctness." others"ust call it "decenc either way, debates about how and what we can say have recently loomed large in the national conversation. but not everyone finls they are g treated with the same consideration. tonight, comedian ashley blaker shares his "humble opinion" on why there seems to be one group that can still be openly mocked. >> so, let me justet it out the way: i am jewish. in truth, you probably realized
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that, becausi look more like an orthodox jew than i do a stand-up comedia in fact, most people don't believe i'm a comedian, and just assume'm a rabbi-- not least, my audiences. but it's amazing how quick people are to judga book-- or in my case, a copy of the old testament, by its cover. so, as a result of wearing my religion so openly, everyone i meet thinks i must be an advocate for the state of israel, and they either berate with shouts of "free palestine," or tell me that "the land of israel was given to abraham by elokim and you don't give away one inch of that land!" i say to both types that i'm incredibly flattered that they think i'm that influtial, but it's really not up to me, either way. even worse is the assumption that anyone who looks like me is basically stuck in the 19th century, lives by a litany of bizarre practices, a loads of children. okay, so we do have siit children, an true that many in my community have a lot more than thwi. in fact, m was recently at
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a wedding, and a woman asked how many children we hlie. when she r "six," this woman said "ah, did you have fertility issud,?" in this woe are proper under-achievers. but just because i'm allow to make jokes about my life, should everyone else? let me answer in a word. no. we'd rather you didn't. it seems to me that in our super politically-correct age, the religious arthe last group of people that it's fair game to mock. that anyone religious is a crazy fantasist who believes in made-up fairy stories to giveem omfort. or even worse, uses these fantasies as an excuse to perform the most terrible atrocities. but why are the religious fair game? is following your faith so much worse than having a fanatical interest in your favorite sports team? at least if you want to go to church, you don't need to spend loads of money buying a ticket from a scalper. and, god is never going to let you down by heading off to the l.a. lakers for an extra $10 million a year. we live in troubling times.
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there is so much that's worrying in the world. what's wrong with having a bit of faith in someth sg bigger, theone has a plan and that it's going to work out okay in the end? the non-believers will say that it is religion that has caused tmany of the world's bigg problems. but just as they say " judge judaism by the jews," don't judge religion by the religious. sotimes, we all just need something to believe in. if it's not for you, that's okay, buplease afford us the same respect we give to other minorities. god bless. or just bless. >> yang: on the newshour online right now, tax day is nearly and the new tax law may change the refund you've been expecting. we explain why, and what you can do about it. that's on our websit www.pbs.org/newshour. and that's the newshour for tonight. i'm john yg. join us online, and again here tomorrow evening. for all of us at the pbs newshour, thank you, and see you soon. >> major funding for the pbs
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newshour has been provided by: >> babbel. a language app that teaches real-life conversations in a new language, like spanish, french, german, italian, and more. >> financial services firm raymond james. da and by the alfred p. sloan founon. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcastibg.
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and by conions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank yo captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org >> you're watching pbs.
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hello, everyone, and welcome to "amanpour & co." here's wt's coming up.d co coed fraternities put an end to the epidemic of college sexual assault in america? two students tell me why they're suing yale university so add women to these. can numrs lie? the renowned statistician david spiegelhalter. "dying of whiteness." >> these problems thooemsz function as risks to your own health. >> jonathan metzl explains to our hari sreenivasan.

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